carbon steel as a piping material the piping engineering
3.2.1 Carbon steel. Carbon steel pipe is the most commonly used material for process piping. It has the advantage of wide availability, high strength, and a large array of connection possibilities, for example, screwed, socket-welded, and butt-welded.
Based on carbon %, steel can further classify as. Low carbon steel:in which Carbon is in the range from- 0.05% to 0.25%. Medium Carbon Steel:in which Carbon is in the range from- 0.25% to 0.5%. High Carbon Steel is in the range from- 0.5% to less than 2%. Here you can see some of the commonly use CS material grades in Process piping. Piping Materials :Steel Pipes » The Piping Engineering WorldCarbon-steel pipe zinc-coated by immersion into molten zinc (hot-dip galvanized) is used for conveying drinking water, instrument air and various other fluids. During procurement of Pipes, Technical Supply Conditions are provided to vendors for supply of proper piping material with quality assurance.
Selection of Material of Construction for steel pipes depends on their Design Temperature, and Fluid Properties. Pipes made from carbon steel lose strength at high temperatures. Electric-resistance-welded pipe is not considered satisfactory for service above 750 F, whereas furnace-buttwelded pipes are not good above 650 F. For higher temperatures, pipe made from stainless steels or  Carbon Steel as a Piping Material » The Piping Engineering Carbon Steel as a Piping Material. Advertisement. Carbon steel is the most utilized steel in the industries and accounts for more than 90% of the total steel production. Based on the carbon content, Carbon steels are further classified into three groups. Low Carbon Steel/Mild Steel. Medium Carbon Steel.